Mesothelioma is one of the rarest forms of cancer. It usually affects the lungs, heart or abdominal organs. The most common form of this disease is pleural mesothelioma. The pleuron is a lightweight membrane between the thoracic cavity and lungs. Lubrication provides does not allow the lungs to grazing when they come into contact with the chest wall. Pleural mesothelioma is also known as "" lung "" Cancer. Peritoneal mesothelioma is another form of mesothelioma. The membrane that surrounds the abdominal organs is known as the peritoneum. Although it is less common than pleural mesothelioma, peritoneal mesothelioma is more invasive and therefore more fatal for the patient.
Mesotheliomas are either easily curable or malignant. The most common form of mesothelioma is "diffuse malignant pleural mesothelioma." This tumor is invasive and destructive. It spreads rapidly typically to the surface of the lungs, heart or abdominal organs. Life expectancy for patients with this cancer typically ranges from four months to two years. Of course, much depends on multiple factors such as the stage of detection of the disease, health, etc. the patient with proper care, some patients have survived for many years.
Early diagnosis and surgery can lengthen life expectancy. Surgery may not be an option, however, for the elderly or the weak. Radiation therapy and chemotherapy may help in the overall program. Home care and pain management are other alternatives in the later stages of malignancy.
Auto mechanics, painters, plasterers, pipe fitters, plumbers, shipyard workers and welders, to name a few, are in regular contact with asbestos and therefore a greater risk of contracting the disease than people of other professions.
In general, it is believed that prolonged exposure to asbestos is most likely to give mesothelioma. However, some people with short but serious exposures have developed this malignancy. In addition, a person may indirectly get this disease. Women, men while washing clothes (son, husband) who work with asbestos can develop cancer.